本研究在酶解法和响应面法的基础上通过增加响应面法中的响应值来优化碱性蛋白酶酶解蚕蛹蛋白的工艺，以DPPH和ABTS自由基清除率作为水解肽评估指标筛选并找到了一条抗氧化活性较强的酶解工艺流程。最优酶为碱性蛋白酶，最佳条件为pH值为9.0、温度为48 ℃、底物质量分数为4.1%、反应时间为2 h、酶质量分数为3.0%，与现有的工艺流程相比较缩短且降低了反应的时间和温度，且提升了体外抗氧化活性，其体外抗氧化活性达到了Vc的89.10%。在此基础上使用D-半乳糖引起的氧化应激小鼠模型评价了该蚕蛹肽在体内的抗氧化活性，低剂量组的蚕蛹肽即可使血清中CK、SOD、T-AOC、GSH-PX因子恢复至0.31±0.06、105.44±9.82、3.51±0.33、308.36±16.17 U/mL肝脏中MDA、SOD因子恢复至0.71±0.33 nmol/mL、77.40±9.88 U/mL均与模型组有显著差异（P<0.05）。综上通过双响应面法制备而得的蚕蛹肽不仅优化了工艺流程而且使得其抗氧化活性有所提升且在体内外均能发挥抗氧化活性，为蚕蛹蛋白肽的开发利用提供了实验依据。
In this study, based on enzymatic hydrolysis and response surface method, the process of enzymatic hydrolysis of silkworm pupa protein by alkaline protease was optimized by increasing the response value in response surface method. DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging rates were used as the evaluation indexes of hydrolyzed peptides to screen and find an enzymatic hydrolysis process with strong antioxidant activity. The optimal enzyme was alkaline protease. The optimal conditions were pH 9.0, temperature 48 °C, substrate mass fraction 4.1 %, reaction time 2 h, and enzyme mass fraction 3.0 %. Compared with the existing process, the reaction time and temperature were shortened and reduced, and the antioxidant activity in vitro was improved. The antioxidant activity in vitro reached 89.10% of Vc. On this basis, the antioxidant activity of the silkworm pupa peptide in vivo was evaluated by using the oxidative stress mouse model induced by D-galactose. The low-dose group of silkworm pupa peptide could restore the CK, SOD, T-AOC and GSH-PX factors in serum to 0.31 ± 0.06,105.44 ± 9.82,3.51 ± 0.33,308.36 ± 16.17 U/mL. The MDA and SOD factors in the liver were restored to 0.71 ± 0.33 nmol/mL and 77.40 ± 9.88 U/mL, which were significantly different from the model group ( P < 0.05 ). In summary, the silkworm pupa peptide prepared by the double response surface method not only optimizes the process flow but also improves its antioxidant activity and can exert antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo, which provides an experimental basis for the development and utilization of silkworm pupa protein peptides.