本研究抽取了453批在2017-2018年自越南、泰国、马来西亚进境的对虾样品进行对虾急性肝胰腺坏死病（Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease，AHPND）病原的分离鉴定,并对结果进行分析。结果显示：直接取对虾肝胰腺组织进行病原分离检出率只有2.87%，而肝胰腺组织经过富集培养后，检出率则达到16.11%；来自越南进境的对虾样品阳性检出率最高，312批次的样品阳性检出率为21.79%，分离出11株阳性菌株，分离成功率为15.07%。为了快速、灵敏和可靠的鉴定AHPND病原，本研究建立了一种快速检测AHPND病原的环介导等温扩增（LAMP）方法。结果表明：仅AHPND病原具有明显的扩增曲线和颜色变化，质粒的检测低限为1 fg/μL，比普通PCR方法高100倍，且稳定性强；对37个实际样本检测显示，阳性率为35.13%，阳性检出率高于普通PCR检测结果。本研究建立的LAMP快速检测方法适用于AHPND病原特异性检测，病原的分离鉴定分析也可为进口对虾的实验室检测提供参考数据。
In this study, 453 batches of shrimp imported from Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia during 2017-2018 were selected to isolate and identify the pathogens of Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease (AHPND). The results showed that the detection rate of the pathogen isolated from the hepatopancreas was only 2.87%, while the detection rate reached 16.11% after enrichment culture. Shrimp samples from Vietnam had the highest positive detection rate. The positive detection rate of 312 batches of samples was 21.79%, 11 positive strains were isolated, and the success rate of separation was 15.07%. In order to quickly, sensitively and reliably identify AHPND pathogens, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was established for rapid detection of AHPND pathogens. The results showed that only AHPND pathogen had obvious amplification curve and color change, the limit of plasmid detection was 1 fg/μL, which was 100 times higher than the conventional PCR method, and had strong stability. In 37 samples, the positive rate was 35.13%, which was higher than that of conventional PCR. The LAMP rapid detection method established in this study was suitable for specific detection of AHPND pathogens, and the isolation and identification analysis of pathogens could also provide reference data for laboratory detection of imported shrimps.